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Read overviews of these IEEE Access articles below and access the full article for free on IEEE Xplore.

Phantom Malware: Conceal Malicious Actions From Malware Detection Techniques by Imitating User Activity

January 26, 2021

State of the art malware detection techniques only consider the interaction of programs with the operating system’s API (system calls) for malware classification. This paper demonstrates that techniques like these are insufficient. A point that is overlooked by the currently existing techniques is presented in this paper: Malware is able to interact with windows providing the corresponding functionality in order to execute the desired action by mimicking user activity. In other words, harmful actions will be masked as simulated user actions. Read more

Absorption of 5G Radiation in Brain Tissue as a Function of Frequency, Power and Time

January 15, 2021

The rapid release of 5G wireless communications networks has spurred renewed concerns regarding the interactions of higher radiofrequency (RF) radiation with living species. We examine RF exposure and absorption in ex vivo bovine brain tissue and a brain simulating gel at three frequencies: 1.9 GHz, 4 GHz and 39 GHz that are relevant to current (4G), and upcoming (5G) spectra. We introduce a highly sensitive thermal method for the assessment of radiation exposure, Read more

Green Elevator Scheduling Based on IoT Communications

January 8, 2021

In this paper, we propose an energy-saving elevator scheduling algorithm to reduce the car moving steps to achieve motor energy saving and green wireless communications. The proposed algorithm consisting of six procedures can attain fewer Internet of Things (IoT) message exchanges (i.e. communication transmissions) between the Scheduler subsystem and the Car subsystem via the core function AssignCar(r). The function AssignCar(r) is capable of assigning a request to the nearest car through car search globally. Read more

State-Based Decoding of Force Signals From Multi-Channel Local Field Potentials

December 28, 2020

The functional use of brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) in everyday tasks requires the accurate decoding of both movement and force information. In real-word tasks such as reach-to-grasp movements, a prosthetic hand should be switched between reaching and grasping modes, depending on the detection of the user intents in the decoder part of the BMI. Therefore, it is important to detect the rest or active states of different actions in the decoder to produce the corresponding continuous command output during the estimated state. Read more

Comparison of Measurement Methods for the Frequency Range 2–150 kHz (Supraharmonics) Based on the Present Standards Framework

December 8, 2020

Advances in power electronics, increasing share of renewables in the energy system and e-mobility cause an increase of disturbances in the frequency range 2-150 kHz, also known as supraharmonics. A rigorous, credible and agreed measurement framework is essential to evaluate electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) in this frequency range. While a normative method exists for measuring equipment emission in the laboratory, no normative method exists yet for the measurement of supraharmonic disturbance levels in the grid. Read more

Machine Learning Empowered Spectrum Sharing in Intelligent Unmanned Swarm Communication Systems: Challenges, Requirements and Solutions

December 2, 2020

The unmanned swarm system (USS) has been seen as a promising technology, and will play an extremely important role in both the military and civilian fields such as military strikes, disaster relief and transportation business. As the “nerve center” of USS, the unmanned swarm communication system (USCS) provides the necessary information transmission medium so as to ensure the system stability and mission implementation. However, challenges caused by multiple tasks, distributed collaboration, high dynamics, Read more

Federating Cloud Systems for Collaborative Construction and Engineering

November 25, 2020

The construction industry has undergone a transformation in the use of data to drive its processes and outcomes, especially with the use of Building Information Modelling (BIM). In particular, project collaboration in the construction industry can involve multiple stakeholders (architects, engineers, consultants) that exchange data at different project stages. Therefore, the use of Cloud computing in construction projects has continued to increase, primarily due to the ease of access, availability and scalability in data storage and analysis available through such platforms. Read more

Wearable Sleepcare Kit: Analysis and Prevention of Sleep Apnea Symptoms in Real-Time

November 13, 2020

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), although it is a common symptom for ordinary people, is a serious issue in that it can lead to chronic and degenerative brain disease. However, these sleep disorders and apnea symptoms are difficult to diagnose at home or to recognize and cope with severe apnea situations. In response to this, we developed a Sleepcare Kit, an integrated wearable device. The Sleepcare Kit is a wearable distributed system in which the PAAR band and the bio-cradle are combined in the form of a hot plug-in without pre-setting. Read more

DL-Tags: DLT and Smart Tags for Decentralized, Privacy-Preserving, and Verifiable Supply Chain Management

October 29, 2020

Supply chain management enhanced by the Internet of Things (IoT) solutions integrate special tags (e.g., RFID, NFC, and QR-codes) with products to create Smart Tags, in addition to storing supplemental information about a product, which is also used to track products during their lifecycle. However, a product consumer has to implicitly trust the Smart Tag creator and other stakeholders within the supply chain that they are providing authentic data within a product’s tag. Read more

Complex Systems: A Communication Networks Perspective Towards 6G

October 12, 2020

 

Over the last few years, the analysis and modeling of networks as well as the analysis and modeling of networked dynamical systems, has attracted considerable interdisciplinary interest, especially using the complex systems theory. These efforts are driven by the fact that systems, as diverse as genetic networks or the Internet can be effectively described as complex networks. Contrary, despite the unprecedented evolution of technology, basic issues and fundamental principles related to the structural and evolutionary properties of communication networks still remain largely unaddressed. Read more

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