Design and Fabrication of Magnetic System Using Multi-Material Topology Optimization

This paper presents the design and fabrication schemes of a magnetic system consisting of segmented permanent magnet (PM) blocks, back-iron and frame structures. Here, a frame structure aims to bind PM blocks and iron structure. Non-intuitive design of segmented PMs and back-iron are obtained using multi-material topology optimization formulation. Subsequently, a non-magnetic frame structure is designed through a post-processing procedure, which is proposed using the smoothed fields of optimized PM and back-iron densities. Final design results are converted into computer-aided design (CAD) models and fabricated using conventional or additive manufacturing techniques. Segmented PM blocks, and back-iron structures are processed using water-jet cutting and wire electrical discharge machining, respectively. A frame structure is fabricated by additive manufacturing using a multi-jet printing machine. Using the proposed schemes, two magnetic systems are successfully designed and fabricated, respectively, for maximizing the magnetic field inside a rectangular cavity, and maximizing the magnetic force generated with a C-core electromagnet.

Published in the IEEE Magnetics Society Section within IEEE Access.

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Highly Sensitive Reflective-Mode Phase-Variation Permittivity Sensor Based on a Coplanar Waveguide Terminated With an Open Complementary Split Ring Resonator (OCSRR)

This paper presents a one-port reflective-mode phase-variation microwave sensor consisting of a coplanar waveguide (CPW) transmission line terminated with a grounded open complementary split ring resonator (OCSRR). The sensor is useful for measuring the dielectric constant of the so-called material under test (MUT), which should be placed in contact with the OCSRR, the sensitive element. The output variable is the phase of the reflection coefficient. Design guidelines for the implementation of highly sensitive sensors are derived in the paper, and validated through simulation and experiment. As compared to other reflective-mode phase-variation sensors based on open-ended sensing lines, the designed and fabricated devices exhibit a very small sensitive region by virtue of the use of an electrically small resonant element, the OCSRR. The relevant figure of merit, defined as the ratio between the maximum sensitivity and the size of the sensing area (expressed in terms of the squared wavelength), is as high as FoM =5643/λ2 in one of the reported prototypes. Moreover, the paper analyzes the effects of losses. From this study, it is concluded that MUT losses do not significantly affect the output variable, provided losses are small. It is also demonstrated that the sensor is useful to estimate the loss tangent of the considered MUT samples.

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