Efficiency Optimization Design That Considers Control of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors Based on Machine Learning for Automotive Application

Interior permanent magnet synchronous motors have become widely used as traction motors in environmentally friendly vehicles. Interior permanent magnet synchronous motors have a high degree of design freedom and time-consuming finite element analysis is required for their characteristics analysis, which results in a long design period. Here, we propose a method for fast efficiency maximization design that uses a machine-learning-based surrogate model. The surrogate model predicts motor parameters and iron loss with the same accuracy as that of finite element analysis but in a much shorter time. Furthermore, using the current and speed conditions in addition to geometry information as input to the surrogate model enables design optimization that considers motor control. The proposed method completed multi-objective multi-constraint optimization for multi-dimensional geometric parameters, which is prohibitively time-consuming using finite element analysis, in a few hours. The proposed shapes reduced losses under a vehicle test cycle compared with the initial shape. The proposed method was applied to motors with three rotor topologies to verify its generality.

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Published in the IEEE Vehicular Technology Society Section