Distributed Current Source Method for Modeling of Magnetic and Eddy-Current Fields in Sensing System Design

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This paper presents a distributed current source (DCS) method for modeling the eddy current (EC) fields induced in biological or non-ferrous metallic objects in two-dimensional axisymmetric and three-dimensional Cartesian coordinates. The EC fields induced in the objects, magnetic flux density (MFD) in space, and magnetic flux (MF) of the sensing coils are formulated in state-space representation. The harmonic responses of the eddy current fields and electromotive force (EMF) of the sensing coil are formulated in closed-form solutions. The proposed DCS method is applied to design two eddy current sensing systems. The Bio-Differential Eddy Current (BD-EC) sensor distinguishes biological objects, and the Metal-Coaxial Eddy Current (MC-EC) sensor classifies non-ferrous metallic objects. The simulated EC field and EMF are numerically verified by comparing results with finite element analysis. An example is utilized to illustrate the advantage of the DCS method for calculating the MFD, MF, and EMF contributed from the induced ECD in the objects directly, and the EMF generated from each material. The proposed method, along with a prototype of the BD-EC sensor, has been experimentally evaluated on sweep frequency analysis for detecting meat and bone.

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